Wisconsin History Day By Day


Related Web Sites:
The Black Hawk War

Black Hawk (Makataimeshekiakiak)

Black Hawk's Surrender Speech


Read More About It

"Black Hawk, Young Sauk Warrior" by Cathrine Seward Cleven

"Black Hawk and the Warrior's Path" by Roger Nichols

"Hunting a Shadow; The Search for Black Hawk" edited by Crawford Beecher Thayer

"Black Hawk's Autobiography"

"I am a Man; The Indian Black Hawk" by Cyrenus Cole


Vocabulary:

occupy
cultivate


Interesting Fact:

President Andrew Jackson had Black Hawk brought out east to be displayed as a "trophy." Black Hawk became a celebrity because of his dignity and attracted great crowds.


Study Questions:

  • What happened to Black Hawk between his surrender at Bad Axe and his death?
  • What were some of the battles Black Hawk participated in against the Americans before the Black Hawk War?
  • What were Black Hawk's reason's for moving his people back to the east side of the Mississippi River in 1832?


    Search these newspaper databases for additional stories about Black Hawk:

  • Newspapers on BadgerLink
  • Wisconsin Historical Society


    U.S. historical events that occurred on October 3:

    1863: President Abraham Lincoln declares the last Thursday of November Thanksgiving Day.
    1995: A jury finds O.J. Simpson not guilty in the 1994 murder of his former wife Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman.



  • October 3

    October 3, 1838: Chief Black Hawk died, six years after leading his people during the Black Hawk War. Black Hawk said, "My reason teaches me that land cannot be sold. The great Spirit gave it to his children to live upon. So long as they occupy and cultivate it they have the right to the soil. Nothing can be sold but such things as can be carried away."


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