Wisconsin History Day By Day


Related Web Sites:
Timeline for Woman's Suffrage (1846-1905)

RootsWEB.com

Dictionary of Wisconsin History

Rescue of Joshua Glover, a Runaway Slave

The Wisconsin Supreme Court declares the Fugitive Slave Act unconstitutional, 1854


Read More About It

"Dictionary of Wisconsin Biography"

"The History of Wisconsin: The Civil War Era, 1848-1873," vol. II, by Richard Current

"Wisconsin Defies the Fugitive Slave Law: The Case of Sherman M. Booth" by James I. Clark


Vocabulary:

abolitionist
fined
pardoned


Interesting Fact:

The fines levied against Booth in the Glover case are said to have ruined him financially. It also did not help his career when he was indicted on a charge of seducing a 14-year-old girl in 1859.


Study Questions:

  • What was the focus of news in the papers published by Booth?
  • What other social causes did Booth promote?
  • What were the issues involving Booth and Glover that caused the Wisconsin Supreme Court and the U.S. Supreme Court to disagree?


    Search these newspaper databases for additional stories about Sherman Miller Booth:

  • Wisconsin State Journal/The Capital Times
  • Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
  • BadgerLink Wisconsin Newsstand
  • Wisconsin Historical Society


    U.S. historical events that occurred on August 10:

    1821: Missouri becomes the 24th state.
    1846: The Smithsonian Institution is chartered by Congress.



  • August 10

    Sherman Miller Booth, a leading abolitionist in Wisconsin, died on this date in 1904. He moved to Wisconsin in 1848 where he published a newspaper, the "American Freeman," for the Liberty Party. The paper's name was changed to the "Wisconsin Freeman" and then to the "Free Democrat," being published until 1859. It was because of Booth's urging that a mob broke into the Milwaukee jail in 1854 freeing runaway slave Joshua Glover. Booth was at the center of a court battle between the Wisconsin Supreme Court and the U.S. Supreme Court regarding the Glover incident, resulting in Booth being jailed several times and being fined. Booth was pardoned by President James Buchanan the day before Lincoln's inauguration.


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